The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical devices, vehicles, home appliances, and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and connectivity which enables these things to connect and exchange data, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, resulting in efficiency improvements, economic benefits, and reduced human exertions.
The number of IoT devices increased 31% year-over-year to 8.4 billion in 2017 and it is estimated that there will be 30 billion devices by 2020. The global market value of IoT is projected to reach $7.1 trillion by 2020.
The Internet of Things requires huge scalability in the network space to handle the surge of devices. IETF 6LoWPAN would be used to connect devices to IP networks. With billions of devices being added to the Internet space, IPv6 will play a major role in handling the network layer scalability. IETF’s Constrained Application Protocol, ZeroMQ, and MQTT would provide lightweight data transport. Fog computing is a viable alternative to prevent such large burst of data flow through Internet. The edge devices’ computation power can be used to analyse and process data, thus providing easy real time scalability.
In semi-open or closed loops IoT will often be considered and studied as a complex system due to the huge number of different links, interactions between autonomous actors, and its capacity to integrate new actors.
It becomes more complicated when these IoT devices are connected to the existing LTE network using NB-IoT technology. This brings new features and functionalities in several LTE network elements like eNodeB, MME, HSS etc and needs integration with IoT Platforms to serve various IoT services. Looking in to the complexity, it becomes mandatory to test all the components of IoT network and we are here to help you to validate the IoT network and/or it’s elements.